The IRGC has been designated under multiple sanctions authorities, including E.O. 13553 in connection with Iran’s human rights abuses. Most recently, on October 13, 2017, the IRGC was designated pursuant to the global terrorism authority E.O. 13224 for activities in support of the IRGC-Qods Force. The IRGC EWCD Organization, which organizes and conducts training courses on behalf of the IRGC, has attempted to censor Iranians’ access to Western media.
The Supreme Council of Cyberspace and The National Cyberspace Center
OFAC designated Iran’s Supreme Council for Cyberspace pursuant to E.O. 13628 for engaging in censorship or other activities with respect to Iran that prohibit, limit, or penalize the exercise of freedom of expression or assembly by citizens of Iran, or that limit access to print or broadcast media.
The Supreme Council of Cyberspace was created in 2012 by Iran’s Supreme Leader to centralize and oversee the Iranian regime’s Internet policymaking and regulation. Since its creation, and for the purported purpose of “protecting the country from negative content of cyberspace,” the Supreme Council of Cyberspace has continued the Iranian regime’s blocking of many social media sites and other Internet censorship efforts.
As the country’s top Internet policymaking body, the Supreme Council of Cyberspace oversees the Iranian regime’s disruption of the free flow of information by restricting access to tens of thousands of websites, particularly those of international news sources, anti-regime outlets, ethnic and religious minorities, human rights groups, and popular social media sites.
OFAC designated Iran’s National Cyberspace Center, for being owned or controlled by the Supreme Council of Cyberspace. The National Cyberspace Center has prevented Iranians from accessing Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) and internet proxies, which are used to bypass Iran’s Internet controls, and has sought to prevent Iranians from accessing Western media content.
In September 2015, the director of the National Cyberspace Center stated that a building in Tehran’s Saadat Abad neighborhood, which is an affluent area of Iran’s capital, has been purchased to house the National Cyberspace Center and the office of the head of the Supreme Council of Cyberspace.
Green Wave Telecommunication and Morteza Razavi
OFAC designated Malaysia-based Green Wave Telecommunication and Iranian Morteza Razavi for their activity on behalf of a designated Iranian entity. Green Wave Telecommunication was designated pursuant to E.O. 13382 for being owned or controlled by, and for providing support to, Fanamoj. Morteza Razavi was designated pursuant to E.O. 13382 for acting for or on behalf of Green Wave Telecommunication and Fanamoj.
Fanamoj was designated pursuant to E.O. 13382 on October 13, 2017 for providing support to the IRGC and Iran’s Naval Defence Missile Industry Group (SAIG).
Green Wave Telecommunication acquires export-controlled technology and devices on behalf of Fanamoj and its subsidiary, Rastafann. Under the leadership and direction of Morteza Razavi, Green Wave Telecommunication acquired controlled U.S.-origin technology and re-shipped it to Iran-based companies. Morteza Razavi serves as Green Wave Telecommunication’s Director and as Fanamoj’s Commercial Director.
Iran Helicopter Support and Renewal Company and Iran Aircraft Industries
OFAC designated Iran Helicopter Support and Renewal Company (PANHA) and Iran Aircraft Industries (SAHA), two Iranian defense industry firms that provide key maintenance and overhaul services for Iran’s military helicopters and aircraft. PANHA and SAHA were designated pursuant to E.O. 13382 for being owned or controlled by Iran’s Aviation Industries Organization.