Jamshidi added that the new US sanctions would violate Resolution 2231 in three ways. In his telling, the sanctions would perpetuate penalties over Iran’s activities related to ballistic missiles, while Resolution 2231 states that all restrictions related to the latter should only apply for eight years after the JCPOA’s “Adoption Day.” Second, the bill will generalize sanctions against Iran’s ballistic missile program, disregarding the types and capabilities of the missiles, while paragraph three of Annex B of Resolution 2231 calls upon Iran not to undertake any activity specifically related to ballistic missiles “designed” to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons.
Third, the bill targets all arms transfers to Iran for an unlimited time, whereas paragraph five of Annex B of Resolution 2231 states that the restrictions on arms-related transfers shall apply only for five years after the JCPOA’s “Adoption Day.”
There is also the question of whether the new sanctions may influence Iran’s regional policies. To this end, Jamshidi told Al-Monitor, “One of the main purposes of this bill is to weaken Iran’s regional power and force it to change its regional policy. The US sees the IRGC [Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps] beyond a military agency and tries to weaken Iran’s economy by approving sanctions against it and all the banks that provide financial services to it under the pretext that IRGC supports terrorism. But these efforts will backfire and strengthen Iran’s regional policy, especially considering the security condition of the Middle East.”